Monday, February 18, 2008

Oakland Zoo: more Mammals



Feb 10

These are more photos of Mammals we saw in Oakland Zoo. Enjoy!
Animal descriptions and small profile pics of Warthog, Pot-Bellied Pig, Pygmy Goat, Alpine Goat, and Barbados X Mouflon Sheep retrieved from : http://www.oaklandzoo.org/




Old World Rabbit:

Average body weight is 3 to 5 pounds (1350-2250 grams) ; may reach 15 pounds. Total body length up to 16 inches. Long ears and long hind legs; large eyes placed on side of head. Tail is short. There is a wide variation in body color and fur quality. Pelage has triple formation: (1) dense, soft, wooly undercoat; (2) strong medium-long middlecoat; and (3) long, sparse topcoat. Males are slightly larger than females and have larger chin glands; female head is longer and more delicate. Feet have five digits, but one is very small; soles have hairy cushions and large, straight claws.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Originally inhabited southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa, but has been introduced into most major land masses and some large islands, such as Australia and New Zealand. Not found in Antarctica, Madagascar, parts of the Middle East, and southern South America. Lives mainly in grasslands and open woodlands where it digs extensive burrows.




A Lemur's about to jump on my head! ( Tabang! )


Caught him! ( Ayaw eskapo Lemur!, hehehe )


AAAhhhhhhhh! ( Thelma and Katy )


"Stay still". ( "Ayaw cge lihok" ) Jonnie says to his wife, Katy.





Ring Tailed Lemur:

Head-body length 15-18 inches, tail length 22-24 inches, weight around 6.5-7.75 pounds. Pelage is soft, thick and woolly. Conspicuous black-and-white banded tail. Gray to brown back, white under-parts, a white face with dark brown triangular eye patches and white ears. Eyes are bright red-brown or orange. Face is elongated and fox-like. Females have one pair of mammae. Hindlimbs are considerably longer than forelimbs, giving a hunched, leaning-forward look as they stand or move. Scent glands are present on wrists, arms and chests and are used to mark territory and foraging routes.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Dry scrub, spiny, or closed-canopy gallery (riverside) forests of southern Madagascar. One population lives in some of the dry, rocky treeless areas in Andringitra National Park and they are perfectly at home on rocky outcrops and vertical cliffs (the only lemur species to have adapted to a treeless environment in the wild).







North American River Otter:

Long, slender, sleek body, weighing approximately 20 pounds (9 kg) and about two and a half feet (76 cm) long. Head is small and round, with small eyes and ears; prominent whiskers. Legs short, but powerful; all four feet webbed. Tail long and slightly tapered toward the tip with musk-producing glands underneath. The short dense fur is dark brown. Chin and stomach are reddish yellow, tinged with gray. Females are a third smaller than males.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
All of the United States and Canada except the tundra and parts of the arid southwestern United States. Allied species occur in Mexico, Central and South America, as well as Eurasia. Found in streams, rivers, lakes, estuaries, and salt- and freshwater marshes.










Slender-Tailed Meerkat:

Average weight 720-730 gm (1.6 lb); head and body length is 26-28 cm (10-11 in); tail length is 22 cm (8 in). Slender build with long thin legs, 4 toes with long claws; thin, pointed tail; pointed face with small crescent-shaped ears. Long, soft coat grizzled gray or tan with buff to yellowish underparts. Head is almost white. Black eye patches, ears, feet, and tail tip and dark transverse banding on back.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Dry open country in southwestern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, and South Africa.









Warthog:

These unusual pigs have a barrel-shaped body, a big, wide head ornamented with six facial warts, and huge curved canine tusks. Height is 65-85 cm (25-33 in), length is 145-190 cm (57-74 in), and weight is 50-150 kg. (110-330 lb) The skin warts are behind and below the eye, between the corner of the mouth and the eye, and at the side of the lower jaw. In males they grow into cone-shaped protuberances while they are much smaller in females. Grayish-brown in color, a distinct reddish mane is present on the neck and the back and often there is a white beard on the cheeks. The tail has a tassel; otherwise, they are sparsely haired.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Savanna, light bush and grass steppes of Africa from below the Sahara to South Africa.







Pot-Bellied Pig:

Full grown Potbelly Miniature Pigs range from 15-18 inches in height, average 3 foot in length and weigh an average of 90-150 pounds with some reaching 200 pounds or more. Unlike livestock pigs, Miniature Potbellies have retained the shiny dark gray, brown, or black coat of the wild boars, with occasional spots of white. Solid white coats are also found. Their tails are long and straight rather than curly. They have an exaggerated potbelly, a swayed back, and erect ears.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Found in the domesticated state in Asia, Europe, and North America.









Pygmy Goat:

Adult pygmy goats are 18” to 20” tall. Their color is grey, black, white or any combination of these colors. The hair is smooth and short. Both sexes have horns; the female’s are generally short and straight while the male’s are longer and either scimitar-shaped or spiralling; the scimitar shape apparently is the original condition.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Pygmy goats originally came from the Cameroon region of West Africa. Now found as pets in many places.


Alpine Goat:

Usually fawn-colored and black-bearded and often has no horns. Length head to tail 6 feet. Weight to 250 pounds. As in wild goats, the udder has only two nipples. Both sexes have two skin appendages at the throat, and the males have beards.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Originally bred in the Alpine regions of Switzerland.


Barbados X Mouflon Sheep:

Weight: 90 pounds for ewes; 125 pounds for rams. Horns of rams usually curve back and outward. They have cloven hoofs and slim ankles. Muscular upper legs help them move quickly and easily. They have no upper incisors, but have 8 lower incisors. They also have 6 grinding teeth on the back part of each jaw. Barbados sheep have brown to almost red or light tan sides and back with a black belly and black markings on the legs, head, chin, neck and ears. Faces are light with black markings.

GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Domestic sheep are raised in all parts of the world except the polar regions. In the U.S. most sheep are raised west of the Mississippi.

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